Postojna Cave, Slovenia

The tour of the cave lasts 1.5 hours.  A 15-minute train ride takes visitors into the cave. The train passes through a very narrow passage. A tall person would need to duck frequently.  Like the there was no room on the sides.  They did not warn the passengers to kept their arms in, but it was obvious.  The train stopped and everyone walks a trail for the next hour. Because it had rained during the previous week, the ceilings were constantly dripping.   A startling fact was that the stalagmites grow at the rate of one millimeter during a ten-year period.  It take a century to add one centimeter.  To add an inch, it would take 254 years.IMG_1156

The reddish color indicates the presence of iron oxide.


This is the featured stalagmite of the Cave.  It is pure limestone.

Ljubljana, Slovenia

We had the good fortune of meeting Aleksander and Natalija Spec and two of their children Miha (age 17) and Marušam (age 11) in Ljubljana. Their oldest son, Matic is studying at the University of Minnesota and is the boyfriend of our niece Kaitlyn.   The Spec’s are from Maribor, Slovenia and drove to Ljubljana to meet us.  We had a wonderful day as we walked around the city and saw the sights. 

At the Castle that overlooks Ljubljana. From the left Miha, Marusam, Natalija, Marcia and Jack.  In the distance are Austrian mountains.
When we reached the top of the castle we discovered that today was the one day of the year that people come together to enact the middle ages.
The bread of the gentleman to the left was real.  He could easily be cast in a Hollywood film as someone playing as character from the middle ages. To his right is an early printing press.  Let let me try it and it was surprising how much strength was required to fully engage the lever to create the print.


Looking up at the tower of the castle.  We stood at the top and were able to see a 360° view of of green hills and mountains surrounding Ljubljana in springtime.